Marburg disease outbreak in Equatorial Guinea WHO confirms know Symptoms treatment and other details2 min read
New York: The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed the first outbreak of Marburg virus in Equatorial Guinea. The WHO said that this virus related to Ebola is responsible for at least 9 deaths in the small country of Guinea in West Africa. The WHO confirmed the Marburg epidemic after testing samples taken from Guinea in a laboratory in Senegal. WHO Regional Director for Africa Dr Matshidiso Moeti said, ‘Marburg is highly contagious. Thank you for the swift and decisive action on the part of the authorities of Equatorial Guinea in confirming the disease.
He said that due to the early detection of Marburg, the emergency response can begin quickly, in full, so that we can save lives and prevent the virus from spreading on a large scale as soon as possible. Marburg virus disease is a highly virulent disease that causes hemorrhagic fever, with a mortality rate of up to 88%. Marburg comes from the same virus family that causes Ebola in Africa.
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How does Marburg virus infection spread?
Like Ebola, Marburg virus originated in bats and is spread between people through contact with body fluids, contaminated bedding, sheets of infected people.
What are the symptoms of infection with Marburg?
The disease caused by Marburg virus begins suddenly, with high fever, severe headache and severe malaise. Many patients develop severe hemorrhagic symptoms within seven days.
Is there a vaccine to treat Marburg?
There are no authorized vaccines or drugs available to treat Marburg infection, but rehydration treatment to reduce symptoms may improve the chances of survival.
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When was Marburg virus first identified?
This rare virus was first identified in 1967, when it caused simultaneous outbreaks of disease in laboratories in Marburg, Germany, and Belgrade, Serbia. The Marburg outbreak of 2004 was observed in Angola, when 90% of the 252 people infected with the virus died. Last year, two people died of Marburg virus in Ghana.
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Tags: Africa, viruses, WHO
FIRST PUBLISHED : February 18, 2023, 13:09 IST